Cutting and Tying the Vine
Vine Cutting and Tying - Where do we plant vines?
The pruning and tying of the vines are the most important maintenance and insurance operations of the harvest. But first let's see what places are ideal for planting logs. In order for the grape production to be at its maximum, we must take into account two factors: light and heat. The place where you want to plant the stump must be as sunny as possible during the day, these areas are: south, southwest, or southeast.
UAnother factor to keep in mind is the distance between the stumps. The planting distance must be at least half a meter to allow air circulation. By providing these conditions to the stem, it will benefit from a maximum amount of heat, and the ripening of the grapes will be done earlier, being more strongly colored and sweet.
It is advisable to avoid planting vines near trees or in shady areas. At the same time we must keep in mind that by planting the vine to beautify the yard, the vine to integrate harmoniously into the general appearance of the yard.
Taeration and Binding of the Vine
Vine grooming works are done in early spring, before the buds open (vegetation starts). For the vault and pergola type vine, a short cut is made, leaving fruit links made of onions at 1-2 eyes and cords at 4-5 viable eyes, and the production can reach over a hundred eyes at a vigorous and good hub. supported by fertilizers.
Because by pruning the vine is directly affected, it is necessary that these works be done by those who know the biological aspects of the respective varieties, the environmental conditions and the principles on which pruning is concerned. varieties, environmental conditions and of course the principles on which the cutting is based.
What you need to keep in mind before cutting vines:
You have probably heard these terms frequently. Dry pruning is performed during the vegetative dormancy period, and green pruning is done during the vegetation period, in extreme cases when the plant is affected by certain factors.
The best time to cut vines on land is from late February to early April.
The purpose of pruning the vine
1. Shape cuttingIt has - It is done in the second year from the planting of the stump, starting with February until April. These cuts are aimed at correcting the level of the vine (low, high or medium).
2. Fruit cutting - It is done in the 4th year after planting and has in mind the goal of balancing the way of growth with the desired production.. Also the cuts of fructification helps to obtain a much higher quality harvest.
3. Pruning of vines - it can also be applied in special cases in which the plant is affected by physical or climatic factors (frost, hail).
Choosing the cutting system
The choice of the cutting system is influenced by the length of the existing wooden elements on the hub:
- Rope - woody branch of the stem, characterized by age and specific dimensions (long cords can reach up to 20 eyes).
- heart - production element, smaller than the rope (maximum 7 eyes long)
- drill - small wooden elements, resulting from cutting the ropes (maximum 4 eyes). These elements perform different functions, they can be spare, replacement or even fruit.
- Rod ring - torque made of plug + rope.
Short cutting system - suitable for varieties such as Feteasca Alba, Regala, Galbena
Production element - fruit plug (maximum 3 eyes), maximum 10 elements.
High cutting system
Production element - fruit rope (8-16 eyes)
To be considered before cutting
Given the characteristics of the vine variety owned, the first step before pruning is to check the viability of the eyes. This check is done by checking different areas of the vine, healthy eyes are those that have a green color in the section, and those affected are those that have a brown color. The secret of a correct cut also consists in using suitable, sharp and disinfected tools.
Tying the vine
After you have finished cutting, the next step is to tie the strings. We recommend that you do not delay the tying of the vine because only during this period will the elasticity of the strings allow you to tie in the direction you want. The purpose of tying the ropes is to provide the vines with the ideal conditions for the development of the shoots, so that you have a healthy hub and a harvest as rich as possible.
The tools needed to tie the vine are:
Nicovala type scissors - eis used for cutting thicker branches (up to 25mm in diameter)
scissorsof foru vie - the classic spring scissors that can help you cut vines or branches with a diameter of up to 15 mm
Legatrice (with tape) - it is a perfect tool for those who have a large area of vines. It uses a simple fastening system based on special tape and staples with which you will be able to tie the strings in a very short time.
Raffia - tying with raffia thread is ideal for those who have a small area of vines
Wire-paper pliers - this binding system is a secure one (do not risk untying the connection) and will help you save time
Binding tube (2-3mm) - allows the development of the rope without tightening it during growth